🇷🇺1/2 - The day Luna 1 was launched
Luna 1, also known as Mechta was the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of Earth's Moon, and the first spacecraft to be placed in heliocentric orbit.
• Mission type: Lunar impactor
• Operator: Soviet Union
Harvard designation: 1959 Mu 1
• Mission duration: Approximately 62 hours
Luna 1, also known as Mechta, E-1 No.4 and First Lunar Rover, was the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of Earth's Moon, and the first spacecraft to be placed in heliocentric orbit.
A malfunction in the ground-based control system caused an error in the upper stage rocket's burn time, and the spacecraft missed the Moon by 5900 km (more than three times the Moon's radius). Luna 1 became the first human-made object to reach heliocentric orbit and was dubbed "Artificial Planet 1" and renamed Mechta (Dream).
Luna 1 was also referred to as the "First Cosmic Ship", in reference to its achievement of Earth escape velocity.
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